For centuries, many residents have come to know their
cities, towns and villages like the back of their hands.
They know the shortcuts, the hot spots and problem
zones. However, before the age of social networks, city
planners would first hire architects and contractors
for new urban developments and improvements and,
once the plans had been finalised and a 3D scale model
produced, they would consult their voters. Today, the
ITEA C³PO project has found ways for city planners
and designers to consult citizens throughout the urban
transformation process and thereby give citizens a
better say in urban developments. The aim of the project
was to set up a common digital platform that connects
all the tools for collaborative urban development. This
includes available (open) data sources, 3D models and
visualisations as well as opinions and insights from
citizens and interest groups.
The project developed a cloud platform based on existing
technologies and applications, as well as new products for
the Smart Cities market. The project was strengthened by
the involvement of the cities of Brussels, Kortrijk, Kouvola,
Oulu and the Municipality of Pendik (a district of Istanbul).
Trials in Finland and Turkey demonstrated the value of
markerless Augmented Reality (AR) for new urbanisation
areas and 3D mock-ups for table-top urban planning and
visualisation. Virtual Reality (VR) was demonstrated in virtual
tours in case studies in Oulu and Kouvola, while the new
Pendik Municipality building provided a setting for selecting
different options. The trials in the city of Brussels focused
on accessibility and were used as proof of concept of the
codesign process using data integration, and the different
C³PO tools and methods. The cooperation with the city of
Oulu and other stakeholders has continued after project
completion to further develop AR services in city planning.
In addition to these trials, the different partners benefited
in their own way from the C³PO project. For example,
Noesis developed the Noesis Process Portal and Semantic
Workflows, which are key components that complement
every co-design activity from city co-design to aircraft and
automotive. The portal and the underlying workflows allow
the setup of a true collaborative multidisciplinary design
process and optimisation.
The Belgian design agency Studio Dott is commercialising
a physical installation, the 'Participation pavilion' that can
be placed anywhere by local authorities that want to collect
a citizen-centred view on an urban design proposal.
One demonstrator created by Barco was the Transportable
CAVE (TCAVE), a professional collaborative VR solution - a
mobile setting that offers companies better immersive VR
experiences. Citizens step inside the TCAVE wearing 3D
glasses to see what a developed space would look like.
Belgian SME Createlli commercialised a participation
platform and services. It has been used in 80+ projects so
far in Belgium, Spain, France, the Netherlands and the UK.
Turkish company ERARGE developed a semantic
framework that relies on the Urban Transformation and
Transportation Ontology (UTTO). This approach enabled
a data-driven and semantic traffic monitoring solution in
Pendik to simulate how the city traffic may be affected by
the urban transformation processes.
Mantis developed a screen that allows local authorities to
showcase what people are saying on social media and an
ontology platform where the data coming from different
sources of a smart city can be managed by a single platform.
Netcad, another Turkish SME, is now commercialising a
map and GIS-based platform called Netigma, helping local
authorities and designers to analyse data, e.g. the density
of urban traffic. Experience gained in C³PO led Netcad to
join another project called ASUA and develop a state-ofthe-
art smart city platform called Netcad Digital Universe.
The Finnish FCG created the MAPGETS platform for
interactive urban planning and the RAKSITE solution for
interactive construction site management.
Finally, Playsign turns urban plans into immersive
environments for better communication and co-design. It
is an efficient tool for drafting, testing, communicating and
creating future plans with citizens and other stakeholders.